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Full text of "IMPROVEMENT IN SCYTHE-SNATHS - United States Patent 680"

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United States Patent Office.


Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 680, dated April 
7, 1838.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Samuel Puffer, Jr., of Sunderland, Franklin 
county, State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful 
Improvement in the Scythe-Snath, which is described as follows, 
reference being had to the annexed drawing of the same, making 
part of this specification.

The nature of this improvement consists in cutting a thread, A, 
Figure 3, in the periphery of a circular plate or bush, A, Figs. 
1, 2, 3, let into the snath and making two apertures in the same 
for the shank of the scythe, so that it may be turned and fixed 
in any desired position, in order to set the scythe at any 
required angle, according to the kind of grass or grain to be 
cut, or the kind of land on which the mowing takes place, the 
shank being shifted from one aperture to the other, or the 
circular plate or bush turned as may be required. Likewise, in 
having one end, B, of the hook G, Fig. 4, of each nib D detached 
from the other, so that as the nut on the end of the longer arm, 
E, is turned it causes the two arms of the hook to be crowded 
into the perforation through the center of the nib and the hook 
to embrace and take a firm hold of the snath; by which 
improvements the cost of the snath is greatly reduced and a new 
and better effect produced by the scythe in mowing, as will be 
evident to the farmer on the first trial, for it is well known 
that heretofore he has been, obliged to take off the scythe and 
bend the shank inward in order to set it at a proper angle for 
cutting lodge-grass, or on uneven and stony land, and to remove 
it again and bend it back to set it for cutting smooth grass, on 
even land, which bending is not only troublesome, but soon causes 
the shank to break. Besides, the scythe can never be set to that 
nicety by bending as by the before-described revolving bush.

What I claim as my invention, and which I desire to secure by 
Letters Patent, consists—

1. In the before-described revolving bush or circular plate for 
changing the angle of the scythe for cutting various kinds of 
grass or grain on various kinds of ground.

2. In detaching one end of the hook of the nib from the other to 
cause it to embrace the snath more firmly by crowding it into the 
aperture of the nib by the nut on the end of the longer arm of 
the hook.


Witnesses: Wm. P. Elliot, Edmund Maher.